Freedom Activist Network's Guide To
United States Case Law

US CASE LAW
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OTHER CASE LAW RELATED
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United States Constitutional Case Law

(partial list of topics)

 
Legislative Powers
Congressional Qualifications
State Prescription of Elections
Regulation of State Elections
Federal Bill of Attainder
Federal Ex Post Facto Law
Direct Taxes
Lay and Collect Taxes, Duties, Imposts and Excises
Pay Debts
General Welfare
Interstate Commerce
Authors and Inventors
Piracy and Felonies on High Seas
Necessary and Proper
Habeas Corpus
State Bill of Attainder
State Ex Post Facto Law
State Impairment of Contracts
Interstate Agreements
Citizenship
Treaties
Vacancies
Supreme Court Jurisdiction
Criminal Jury Trial
Treason
Full Faith and Credit
Privileges and Immunities
Interstate Extradition
Consent for New States
Guaranty of Republican State Govt
Proposed Amendments
Supremacy Clause
State Judges Bound to Constitution
Establishment of Religion
Free Exercise of Religion
Press
Speech
Assembly
Militias
Keep and Bear Arms
Persons, Houses, Papers, Effects
Particularly Describing the Place To Be Searched
Warrantless Searches & Seizures
Search Incident to Arrest
Warrant Searches & Seizures
Probable Cause
Grand Juries
Double Jeopardy
Self Incrimination
Federal Deprivation of Liberty
Federal Due Process
Incorporation of Equal Protection
Private Property
Taking
Public Use
Just Compensation
Right to Speedy Public Trial
Impartial Jury
Confront Witnesses
Compulsory Witnesses
Defense Counsel
Civil Jury Trial
Excessive Bail
Excessive Fines
Cruel and Unusual Punishment
Unenumerated Rights
Undelegated Powers
Suits Against States
Privileges and Immunities
State Deprivation of Liberty
State Due Process
State Incorporation of Constitution
Equal Protection
Income Taxes

Other
Arbitrary
Defenses
Entrapment
Evidence
Incapacity
Mute
Necessity
Overbroad
Ripe
Stare Decisis
Testimony
Vague

 

Legislative Powers

partial list of cases
also see Article 1, Section 1
 

Committee on the Judiciary v Miers
558 F Supp 2d 53, 84 (DDC 2008)
(Congressional subpoena and enforcement powers)
Nixon v Administrator of General Services
433 US 425 (1977)
(Congressional Subpoena and Enforcement Powers)
FindLaw
Eastland v United States Servicemen’s Fund
421 US 491 (1975)
(Congressional subpoena and enforcement powers)
FindLaw
Barenblatt v United States
360 US 109 (1959)
(Congressional subpoena and enforcement powers)
FindLaw
Watkins v United States
354 US 178 (1957)
(Congressional subpoena and enforcement powers)
FindLaw
Barry v United States ex rel Cunningham
279 US 597 (1929)
(Congressional subpoena and enforcement powers)
FindLaw
Sinclair v United States
279 US 263 (1929)
(Congressional subpoena and enforcement powers)
FindLaw
McGrain v Daughtery
273 US 135 (1927)
(Congressional subpoena and enforcement powers)
FindLaw
In Re Chapman
166 US 661 (1897)
(Congressional subpoena and enforcement powers)
FindLaw
Kilbourn v Thompson
103 US 168, 189-90 (1881)
(Congressional subpoena and enforcement powers)
FindLaw
Anderson v Dunn
19 US (6 Wheat) 204 (1821)
(Congressional subpoena and enforcement powers)
FindLaw

 

Congressional Qualifications

partial list of cases
also see Article 1, Section 2, Article 1, Section 5
 

Powell v McCormack
395 US 486; 89 S Ct 1944; 23 L Ed 2d 491 (1969)
(Exclusion of duly elected Representatives only for failure to meet Constitutional qualifications)
In Re Chapman
166 US 661 (1897)
(Congressional investigative powers pursuant to Congressional power to discipline members)

 

State Prescription of Elections

partial list of cases
also see Article 1, Section 4, 1st Amendment's Assembly
 

(none listed yet)

 

Congressional Regulation of State Elections

partial list of cases
also see Article 1, Section 4
 

(none listed yet)

 

Federal Bill of Attainder

partial list of cases
also see Article 1, Section 9, Article 1, Section 10's State Bill of Attainder
 

(none listed yet)

 

Federal Ex Post Facto Law

partial list of cases
also see Article 1, Section 9, Article 1, Section 10's State Ex Post Facto Law
 

Calder v Bull
12-62 (June 10 2013)
(Defendants sentenced under federal Sentencing Guidelines revised after commission of offense unconstitutional)
Calder v Bull
3 Dallas 386; 1 L. Ed. 648 (1798)
(Retroactive changes to rules regarding the admissibility of evidence and the competency of witnesses to testify is unconstitutional)

 

Direct Taxes

partial list of cases
also see Article 1 Section 2, Article 1, Section 9, Income Taxes
 

(none listed yet)

 

Lay and Collect Taxes, Duties, Imposts and Excises

partial list of cases
also see Article 1 Section 8
 

(none listed yet)

 

Pay The Debts

partial list of cases
also see Article 1 Section 8
 

(none listed yet)

 

General Welfare

partial list of cases
also see Article 1 Section 8
 

United States v Butler
297 US 1 (1936)
(Agricultural Tax and Subsidy Regulation Not General Welfare and Reserved To States)
Findlaw

 

Regulate Interstate Commerce

partial list of cases
also see Article 1 Section 8, 5th Amendment's Double Jeopardy, 9th Amendment's Undelegated Powers
 

Gonzales v Raich
03-1454 (2005)
(Federal regulation of noncommercial intrastate activity authorized by Commerce Clause)
FindLaw
Jones v United States
178 F 3d 479 (2000)
(Residential dwelling not used in commerce not subject of federal law authorized by Commerce Clause)
United States v Morrison
169 F 3d 820 (2000)
(Federal civil remedy of gender based violence not authorized by Commerce Clause)
Reno v Condon
528 US 141, 98-1464 (2000)
(Federal law proscribing unconsensual sale of state departments of motor vehicles' driver information authorized by Commerce Clause)
FindLaw
United States v Pierson
139 F 3d 501 (5th Cir 1998)
United States v Lopez
514 US 549, 115 S Ct 1624 (1995)
(Gun free zones neither regulate commercial activity nor activity connected to interstate commerce)
Cornell, Findlaw, Wikipedia
Garcia v San Antonio Metropolitan Transit Authority
469 US 528 (1985)
(Federal wage regulation of SAMTA employees authorized by Commerce Clause)
FindLaw
National League of Cities v Usery
426 US 833 (1976)
(Federal wage regulation of state employees not authorized by Commerce Clause)
FindLaw
United States v Rands
389 US 121 (1967)
(Power to regulate commerce comprehends the control for that purpose, and to the extent necessary, of all the navigable waters of the United States)
FindLaw
Wickard v Filburn
317 US 111 (1942)
(Federal regulation of intrastate activity affecting interstate commerce constitutional)
FindLaw, Wikipedia
National Labor Relations Board v Jones & Laughlin Steel Corporation
301 US 1 (1937)
(Federal regulations of labor relations affecting interstate commerce authorized by Commerce Clause)
Findlaw
West Coast Hotel Co v Parrish
300 US 379 (1937)
Findlaw, Wikipedia
Carter v Carter Coal Company
298 US 238 (1936)
(Commodity manufactured within a state and intended for interstate commerce not subject to federal regulation under the commerce clause)
Findlaw, Wikipedia
Caminetti v United States
242 US 470 (1917)
(Mann Act prohibiting transport of women across state lines for "immoral purposes" includes non-commercial purposes)
Findlaw, Wikipedia
Hoke v United States
227 US 308 (1913)
(Federal law prohibiting transportation of persons across state lines for immoral purposes authorized by Commerce Clause)
Findlaw
Hippolite Egg Co v United States
220 US 45 (1911)
(Federal regulation of adultered foods across state lines including ingredients combined (with other unadultered ingredients) and/or repackaged for commerce authorized by Commerce Clause)
Findlaw
Champion v Ames
188 US 321 (1903)
(Federal law regulating transport of lottery tickets across state lines authorized by Commerce Clause)
Findlaw
United States v E C Knight Co
156 US 1 (1895)
(Federal law regulating production and manufacture not authorized by Commerce Clause)
Findlaw
Brown v Maryland
25 US 419 (1827)
(State law regulating interstate commerce unconstitutional, congressional authority exclusive)
Findlaw
Gibbons v Ogden
22 US 1 (1824)
(State law regulating interstate commerce unconstitutional, congressional authority absolute)
Findlaw, Wikipedia

 

Exclusive Right of Authors & Inventors for Limited Times

partial list of cases
also see Article 1, Section 8
 

American Broadcasting Cos Inc et al v Aereo Inc
13-461 (June 25 2014)
(Aereo activities substantially similar to CATV companies Congress intended to regulate with The Copyright Act of 1976)
SCOTUS
Association for Molecular Pathology et al v Myriad Genetics Inc et al
12-398 (2013)
(Naturally occuring DNA segment not patent eligible, cDNA is patent eligible)
SCOTUS
Kitsaeng dba Blechristine99 v John Riley and Sons Inc
11-697 (2013)
(First sale doctrine applies to copies of copyrighted works made abroad)
SCOTUS
Metro-Goldwin-Mayer Studios Inc et al v Grokster Ltd et al
04-480 (2005)
(Parties that Affirmatively Induce Third Party Copyright Infringement Liable)
NetCoalition
Eldred v Ashcroft
537 US 186 (2003)
(Congress Extending Copyright Duration 20 Years is Limited Time and Constitutional)
Cornell, FindLaw, Wikipedia
Sony Corporation of America et al v Universal City Studios Inc et al
464 US 417 (1984)
(Manufacturers of Copying Devices Not Liable for Copyright Infringement)
Cornell, Findlaw, Home Recording Rights Coalition, Wikipedia
Diamond v Chakrabarty
447 US 303
(Markedly different characteristics from any found in nature is patent elibigle)
Gershwin Publishing Corp v Columbia Artists Management, Inc
443 F 2nd 1159, 1162 (1971)
(Parties that Profit from Third Party Copyright Infringement Liable)

 

Define and Punish Piracies and Felonies on High Seas

partial list of cases
also see Article 1, Section 8
 

United States v Palmer
16 US 610 (1818)
United States v Smith
18 US 153 (1820)
United States v Ali Said
No 2:10-cr-57 (ED Va, 2010)

 

Necessary and Proper

partial list of cases
also see Article 1, Section 8
 

Bond v United States
12-158 (2013)
Missouri v Holland
252 US 416, 430-431 (1920)

 

Habeas Corpus

partial list of cases
also see Article 1, Section 9
 

Hamden v Rumsfeld
05-184 (2006)
(Detainee Treatment Act of 2005 Does Not Repeal Habeas Corpus Jurisdiction)
Hamdi v Rumsfeld
03-6696
(Guantanamo Detainees Retain Habeas Corpus Rights)
Rasul v Rumsfeld
03-334 (2003)
(Guantanamo Detainees Retain Habeas Corpus Rights)
Immigration and Naturalization Service v Saint Cyr
(Legal Immigrants in Deportation Proceedings Retain Habeas Corpus Rights)
Ex Parte Endo
(1944)
Abelman v Booth
21 Howard 506; 16 L Ed 169 (1859)
(State Habeas Corpus of Prisoner in Federal Custody)

 

State Bill of Attainder

partial list of cases
also see Article 1, Section 10, Article 1, Section 9's Federal Bill of Attainder
 

(none listed yet)

 

State Ex Post Facto Law

partial list of cases
also see Article 1, Section 10, Article 1, Section 9's Federal Ex Post Facto Law
 

Carmell v Texas
98-7540 (1999)
(Retroactive Changes to Rules regarding the Admissibility of Evidence and the Competency of Witnesses to Testify is Unconstitutional)

 

State Impairment of Contracts

partial list of cases
also see Article 1, Section 10
 

United States v Winstar Corp et al
95-865 (1996)
(Congressional Acts that Impair Contracts a Taking Without Just Compensation)
Findlaw
City of Cleveland v Cleveland City Railway Comapany
194 US 517 (1904)

 

Interstate Agreements & Compacts

partial list of cases
also see Article 1, Section 10
 

New Hampshire v Maine
426 US 363 (1976)
(No Congressional consent required for States compacts regarding States boundaries)
Virginia v Tennessee
148 US 503; 13 S Ct 728; 37 L Ed 537 (1893)
(No Congressional consent required for States compacts regarding States boundaries)

 

Citizenship

partial list of cases
also see 14th Amendment
 

Flores-Villar v United States
09-5801 (2011)
(Gender Discrimination in Determination of Citizenship Eligibility)
SCOTUS, 9th Circuit Court of Appeals
Vance v Terrazas
444 US 252 (1980)
(No implied consent for loss of Citizenship, consent must be intentional)
FindLaw
Afroyim v Rusk
387 US 253 (1967)
(Involuntary loss of Citizenship not Constitutional)
FindLaw
Jones v Temmer
829 F. Supp. 1226 (1993)
(Privileges and Immunities Clause of Fourteenth Amendment does not protect Rights which relate to State Citizenship)
Cases preceeding 19th Amendment:
United States v Schwimmer
279 US 644 (1929)
(Naturalization statutes properly deny pacifist applicant who declines oath of allegiance)
FindLaw
Mackenzie v Hare
239 US 299 (1915)
(Federal Statute Mandates Women Married to Foreign Nationals Lose US Citizenship but Regain US Citizenship After Termination of Marriage)
FindLaw
United States v Wong Kim Ark
169 US 649 (1898)
(Children Born in United States to Non-Citizen Parents are United States Citizens)
Wikipedia
Elk v Wilkins
112 US 94 (1884)
("Indian" Children Born in United States and Not Subject to US Jurisdiction are Not United States Citizens)
Wikipedia
Butchers' Benevolent Association of New Orleans v Crescent City Live-Stock Landing and Slaughter-House Company
83 US 36, 38 (1873)
(Privileges and Immunities Clause does not protect Rights which relate to State Citizenship)
Findlaw, Justia, Wikipedia
Cases preceeding 15th Amendment:

Cases preceeding 14th Amendment:

Dred Scott v John F A Sanford
(1857)
(Black Slaves not Citizens nor Standing to Sue in Federal Court)
Touro
Inglis v Trustees of Sailor's Snug Harbor
28 US 99 (1830)
(Children Born in United States Territory Occupied by a Foreign Power Not Citizens)
Findlaw, Justia, Wikipedia

 

Treaties

partial list of cases
also see Article 2, Section 2, Article 3, Section 2
 

Bond v United States
12-158 (2013)
Missouri v Holland
252 US 416, 430-431 (1920)

 

Vacancies

partial list of cases
also see Article 2, Section 2
 

National Labor Relations Board v Noel Cannin et al
12-1281 (June 26 2014)
(President's recess appointment power does not extend to intra-session recesses of less than 10 days)
SCOTUS

 

Supreme Court Jurisdiction

partial list of cases
also see Article 3, 11th Amendment's Jurisdiction in Suits Against States
 

Hollingsworth et al v Perry et al
12-144 (June 26 2013)
(Petitioners not state officials do not have standing to defend state enacted initiatives)
SCOTUS
Clapper v Amnesty International USA
11-1025 (2013)
(Respondents do not have standing, injury must be concrete, particularized, and actual or imminent)
SCOTUS, FindLaw, Wikipedia
Summers v Earth Island Institute
555 US 488; 07-463 (2009)
(Repsondents lack standing absent a live dispute over a concrete application of regulations)
FindLaw
Elk Grove Unified School District v Newdow
542 US 1, 11; 02-1624 (2004)
(Non-custodial parent does not have standing on behalf of minor child)
SCOTUS, Findlaw
Lujan v Defenders of Wildlife
504 US 555; 90-1424 (1992)
(Respondents do not have standing to seek judicial review of governmental rule)
FindLaw
Allen v Wright
468 US 737; 81-757 (1984)
(Respondents do not have standing)
FindLaw
City of Los Angeles v Lyons
461 US 95; 81-1424 (1983)
(Respondent does not have standing to seek injunctive relief if threat of injury is conjectural or hypothetical)
FindLaw
Valley Forge Christian College v Americans United for Separation of Church and State Inc
454 US 464; 80-327 (1982)
(Respondents do not have standing as taxpayers or as citizens)
FindLaw
Duke Power Co v Carolina Environmental Study Group
438 US 59; 77-262 (1978)
(Appealees have standing to challenge a statute's immediate adverse effects found to harm appealees)
FindLaw
Stump v Sparkman
435 US 349; 55 L Ed 2d 331; 98 S Ct 1099 (1978)
(State and federal judges immune from liability for judicial acts except in "clear absence of all jurisdiction")
FindLaw
Warth v Seldin
422 US 490 (1975)
(Petitioners did not meet threshold requirement of specific concrete harm to have standing)
FindLaw
Roe v Wade
410 US 113 (1973)
(Exigency of pregnancy waives controversy requirement)
FindLaw, Wikipedia
Powell v McCormack
395 US 486; 89 S Ct 1944; 23 L Ed 2d 491 (1969)
(Court jurisdiction in qualifications and exclusion of duly elected Representatives)
FindLaw
Baker v Carr
369 US 186; 82 S Ct 691, 7 L Ed 2d 663 (1962)
(Court jurisdiction in state legislative reapportionment)
FindLaw
Screws v United States
325 US 91 (1945)
(Officials liable for actions "under color of law" except judges)
FindLaw
Erie Railroad Co v Tompkins
304 US 64; 58 S Ct 817; 82 L Ed 1188 (1938)
(Federal court bound by declaration of highest state court on state law)
FindLaw
Ex parte Albert Levitt
302 US 633; 58 S Ct 1; 82 L Ed 493 (1937)
(Insufficient interest of private citizen for action from Court)
FindLaw
Aetna Life Insurance Co of Hartford v Haworth
US 227; 57 S Ct 461; 81 L Ed 617 (1937)
(Jurisdiction in civil suits for declaratory judgements)
Massachusetts v Mellon
262 US 447 (1923)
FindLaw
Muskrat v United States
219 US 346; 31 S Ct 250; 55 L Ed 246 (1911)
(No Court jurisdiction to determine validity of laws without a "case" or "controversy")
FindLaw
South Dakota v North Carolina
192 US 286; 24 S Ct 269; 48 L Ed 448 (1904)
(Jurisdiction in "controversies between two or more States")
FindLaw
Ex parte McCardle
7 Wallace 506; 19 L Ed 264 (1869)
(No court jurisdiction after repeal of congressional act authorizing jurisdiction)
Kentucky v Dennison
24 Howard 66; 16 L Ed 717 (1861)
(No court jurisdiction for state officers' failure to extradite)
Dred Scott v Sanford
60 US 393 (1857)
(Black slaves do not have standing to sue in federal court)
FindLaw, Touro, Wikipedia
Luther v Borden
7 Howard 1; 12 L Ed 581 (1849)
(No court jurisdiction to guaranty republican form of state government)
Cherokee Nation v Georgia
30 US 1 (1831)
(Court has no original jurisdiction, declared Cherokee Nation was a "dependent nation")
FindLaw
Osborn v Bank of the United States
9 Wheaton 738; 6 L Ed 204 (1824)
(Federal agency suit of state officials)
Johnson v M'Intosh
21 US 543 (1823)
(No actual controversy where land claims do not overlap)
Wikipedia
Cohens v Virginia
6 Wheaton 264; 5 L Ed 257 (1821)
(State and citizen of same state; US constitutional defense)
Martin v Hunter's Lessee
1 Wheaton 304; 4 L Ed 97 (1816)
Marbury v Madison
1 Cranch 137; 2 L Ed 60 (1803)
(Executive branch appointments)

 

Criminal Jury Trial

partial list of cases
also see Article 3, Sec 2, 6th Amendment
 

Lewis v United States
(1996)
(Defendants Prosecuted in Single Proceeding for Multiple Petty Offenses with Potential Sentence Exceeding Six Months has No Right to Jury Trial)
Duncan v Louisiana
391 US 145; 20 L Ed 491; 88 S Ct 1444 (1968)

 

Treason

partial list of cases
also see Article 3, Sec 3
 

United States v Stephen Jin-Woo Kim
10-225 (DC District, 2011)
Memorandum Opinion and Order
United States v Rahman
189 F 3d 88, 111-14 (2d Cir 1999)
United States v Drummond
354 F 2d 132, 152 (2d Cir 1965)
Cramer v United States
325 US 1 (1945)
(Treason clause does not limit Congressional authority to prohibit acts detrimental to wartime safety)
FindLaw
Frohwerk v United States
249 US 204 (1919)
FindLaw

 

Full Faith and Credit

partial list of cases
also see Article 4

 

Privileges and Immunities

partial list of cases
also see Article 4, Sec 2, 14th Amendment's Privileges and Immunities
 

Slaugher House Cases
16 Wallace 36; 21 L Ed 394 (1873)
(Rights Derived from State Citizenship not Protected by 14th Amendment)
Cohens v Virginia
6 Wheaton 264; 5 L Ed 257 (1821)

 

Interstate Extradition

partial list of cases
also see Article 4

Kentucky v Dennison
24 Howard 66; 16 L Ed 717 (1861)
(Federal Government cannot Compel State Officers to Extradite)

 

Consent for New States

partial list of cases
also see Article 4, Section 3
 

New Hampshire v Maine
426 US 363 (1976)
(No Congressional Consent Required for States Compacts regarding States Boundaries)
FindLaw
Virginia v Tennessee
148 US 503; 13 S Ct 728; 37 L Ed 537 (1893)
(No Congressional Consent Required for States Compacts regarding States Boundaries)
FindLaw

 

Guaranty of Republican Form of State Government

partial list of cases
also see Article 4, Section 4
 

Luther v Borden
7 Howard 1; 12 L Ed 581 (1849)
(No Court Jurisdiction to Guaranty Republican Form of State Government)

 

Proposed Amendments

partial list of cases
also see Article 5

Coleman v Miller
307 US 433 (1939)
(Congress power to fix a reasonable time for ratification, no Court power to determine time period absent Congressional specification)
FindLaw, Justia, Wikipedia
Dillon v Gloss
256 US 368 (1921)
(Congressional power to fix a definite period for ratification of amendments)
FindLaw, Justia, Wikipedia

 

Supremacy Clause

partial list of cases
also see Article 6, 10th Amendment's Undelegated Powers

Arizona et al v Inter Tribal Council of Arizona Inc, et al
12-71 (June 17 2013)
(States cannot impose additional requirements on accepting National Voter Registration Form)
SCOTUS
?
(Mar 6 2000)
(States cannot Enact Laws that Conflict with or Supplement Federal Law)
Crosby v National Foreign Trade Council
99-474 (2000)
Findlaw

 

State Judges Bound to US Constitution

partial list of cases
also see Article 6
 

Testa v Katt
330 US 386; 67 S Ct 810, 91 L Ed 967 (1947)
(States must enforce Federal laws)
FindLaw
Mondou v New York, NH & H RR Co
223 US 1 (1912)
(States must enforce Federal laws)
FindLaw
Claflin v Houseman
93 US 130 (1876)
(States must enforce Federal laws)
FindLaw
Abelman v Booth
21 Howard 506; 16 L Ed 169 (1859)
(State Habeas Corpus of Prisoner in Federal Custody)
Martin v Hunter's Lessee
1 Wheaton 304; 4 L Ed 97 (1816)

 

Establishment of Religion

partial list of cases
also see 1st Amendment
 

Greece v Galloway
12-696 (2014)
(Inclusion of a brief, ceremonial prayer that does not exclude or coerce nonbelievers is constitutional)
SCOTUS, SCOTUS
Elk Grove Unified School District v Newdow
02-1624 (2004)
(Non-Custodial Parent Lacks Standing on Behalf of Child in "under god" in Pledge of Allegiance Suit)
Santa Fe Independent School District v Doe
99-62 (2000)
(Student led Prayer Organized by Public School Unconstitutional Establishment of Religion)
Cornell
Lee v Weisman
505 US 577 (1992)
(Inviting clergy to offer prayers at public school graduation ceremony unconstitutional establishment of religion)
FindLaw
Abington School District v Schempp
374 US 203 (1963)
FindLaw
Engel v Vitale
370 US 421 (1962)
FindLaw

 

Free Exercise of Religion

partial list of cases
also see 1st Amendment
 

Burwell v Hobby Lobby Stores Inc
13-354 (June 30 2014)
(HHS regulations imposing contraceptive mandate violates Religious Freedom Restoration Act, corporations may exercise religion)
SCOTUS
Greece v Galloway
12-696 (2014)
(Inclusion of a brief, ceremonial prayer that does not exclude or coerce nonbelievers is constitutional)
SCOTUS
?
(June 11 2001)
(Government Run Public Schools cannot Discriminate Against After-Hours Religious Programs)
Harris v McRae
448 US 297; 65 L Ed 2d 784; 100 S Ct 2671 (1980)
FindLaw
Burstyn v Wilson
343 US 495; 72 S Ct 777; 96 L Ed 1098 (1952)
FindLaw
Prince v Massachusetts
321 US 158 (1944)
(State laws prohibiting child labor when children sell religious literature constitutional)
FindLaw
West Virginia State Board of Education v Barnette
319 US 624 (1943)
(Compulsory Pledge of Allegiance in Public Schools Violates Free Speech)
FindLaw, Wikipedia, overturns Minersville School District v. Gobitis, 310 US 586 (1940)
Martin v City of Struthers, Ohio
319 US 141; 63 S Ct 862; 87 L Ed 1313 (1943)
Jones v City of Opelika II
Murdock v Commonwealth of Pennsylvania
319 US 105; 63 S Ct 870; 87 L Ed 1292 (1943)
(License fee requirement for distribution of religious literature in exchange for a donation unconstitutional tax on religious exercise)
FindLaw
Jones v City of Opelika I
316 US 584 (1942)
(License requirement for sale of religious literature constitutional)
FindLaw
Minersville School District v Gobitis
310 US 586 (1940)
(Compulsory Pledge of Allegiance in Public Schools does not violate Jehovah's Witnesses' Free Exercise of Religion)
FindLaw, Wikipedia, overturned by West Virginia State Board of Education v Barnette, 319 US 624 (1943)
Cantwell v Connecticut
310 US 296 (1940)
(Licenses for Solicitation and Donations for Religious, Charitable or Philanthropic Causes)
FindLaw

 

Speech

partial list of cases
also see 1st Amendment
 

Harris v Quinn
11-681 (June 30 2014)
(First amendment prohibits collection of an agency fee from Rehabilitation Program PAs who do not wnat to join or support a union)
McCullen v Coakley
12-1168 (June 26 2014)
(State law creating civil cause of action for entering or remaining 35 foot zone around abortion clinic entrance or exit and interfering with right to obtain services is unconstitutional)
Snyder v Phelps et al
09-751 (Mar 2 2011)
(Funeral Protests on Public Land Protected Speech)
SCOTUS
Davis v Federal Election Commission
554 US 724 (2008)
(Bipartisan Campaign Reform Act unconstitutionally infringes on a candidates 1st Amendment rights)
FindLaw, SCOTUS, Wikipedia
?
(Apr 7 2003)
(States may Prohibit Actions Intended to Intimidate or Threaten)
?
(Jan 15 2002)
(City Ordinance Requiring Permit for Large Events does not Violate United States Constitution)
?
(May 22 2000)
(Regulation Limiting Sexually Explicit Cable Programming to Late Night Hours Violates US Constitution)
Hill v Colorado
530 US 703, 750 (2000)
(State law prohibiting unwanted speech within 8 feet of persons entering or exiting health care facilities constitutional)
Findlaw vLex, Wikipedia
National Movement v University of Mississippi
(5th Circuit) (2000)
(Confederate Flag Prohibition does not Violate US Constitution)
Warren v County of Fairfax
98-1059 (4th Circuit 1999)
(Large, grassy mall adjacent to county government center a traditional public forum)
FindLaw
Arkansas Educational Television Commission v Forbes
523 US 666, 677 (1998)
Findlaw
ISKCON v Lee
505 US 672 (1992)
FindLaw
Forsyth County v Nationalist Movement
505 US 123 (1992)
(Fee for Police Unconstitutionally Content Based)
FindLaw
United States v Kokinda
497 US 720 (1990)
(United States Post Office Sidewalk not a Traditional Public Forum)
Findlaw
Texas v Johnson
(1989)
(Flag Desecretion)
City of Lakewood v Plain Dealer Publishing Co
486 US 750 (1988)
Findlaw
Cornelius v NAACP Legal Defense and Education Fund
473 US 788, 800 (1985)
(Government's ability to restrict speech vary according to forum)
Findlaw
Perry Education Association v Perry Local Educators' Association
460 US 37, 44 (1983)
Findlaw
Widmar v Vincent
454 US 263 (1981)
(University Policy of Open Meeting Facilities for Student Groups Creates Public Forum)
Findlaw
Heffron v International Society for Krishna Consciousness Inc
452 US 640; 69 L Ed 2d 298 (1981)
(Regulation Requiring Fixed Location Permissable Place and Manner Restriction, Solicitation impedes Traffic Flow)
Findlaw
Chandler and Granger v Florida
449 US 560; 101 S Ct 802; 66 L Ed 2d 740 (1981)
(Broadcasts of Criminal Trials)
FindLaw
Metromedia Inc v San Diego
69 L Ed 2d 800 (1981)
Richmond Newspapers Inc v Virginia
448 US 555; 65 L Ed 2d 973 (1980)
FindLaw
Pruneyard Shopping Center v Robins et al
447 US 74 (1980)
(California Statute Granting Speech and Petition Rights at Private Shopping Centers is not a Taking of Property)
FindLaw
Village of Schaumburg v Citizens for a Better Environment et al
444 US 620 (1980)
FindLaw
Federal Communications Commission v Pacifica Foundation
438 US 726; 57 L Ed 2d 1073 (1978)
(George Carlin's "Filthy Words" broadcast "indecent but not obscene", upheld FCC authority to limit hours of indecent broadcasts)
FindLaw, Wikipedia
Beth Israel Hospital v National Labor Relations Board
437 US 483 (1978)
FindLaw
McDaniel v Patty
55 L Ed 2d 593 (1978)
Madison Joint School District v Wisconsin Employment Relations Commission
429 US 167 (1976)
(Statute Providing Open School Board Meetings Creates Public Forum)
FindLaw
Virginia State Board of Pharmacy v Virginia Citizens Consumer Council Inc
425 US 748; 96 S Ct 1817; 48 L Ed 2d 346 (1976)
(Commercial Speech; Speech Recipients)
FindLaw
Southeastern Promotions Ltd v Conrad
420 US 546 (1975)
(City-Leased Theater Dedicated to Speech Activity Creates Public Forum)
FindLaw
Papish v Board of Curators of the University of Missouri
410 US 667 (1973)
(Expulsion of Public University Student for Distribution of Offensive Literature)
FindLaw, Justia
Healy v James
408 US 169 (1972)
(Public University Denial of Recognition of Student Organization)
FindLaw
Lloyd Corporation Ltd v Tanner
407 US 551 (1972)
FindLaw
Cohen v California
403 US 15 (1971)
("Fuck the Draft" Constitutionally Protected Speech)
Boston College, FindLaw, Justia, Wikipedia
Amalgamated Food Employees Union Local 59 v Logan Valley Plaza Inc
391 US 308 (1968)
FindLaw
Lamont v Postmaster General
381 US 301 (1965)
(Statute requiring mail recipents to file a request to receive "communist political propaganda" unconstitutional)
FindLaw, Wikipedia
Cox v Louisiana
379 US 536 (1964)
FindLaw
Garrison v Louisiana
379 US 64 (1964)
FindLaw
Rideau v Louisiana
373 US 723 (1963)
FindLaw
Wood v Georgia
370 US 375 (1962)
FindLaw
Beck v Washington
369 US 541 (1962)
FindLaw
Irvin v Dowd
366 US 717 (1961)
FindLaw
Burstyn v Wilson
343 US 495; 72 S Ct 777; 96 L Ed 1098 (1952)
FindLaw
Stroble v California
343 US 181 (1951)
FindLaw
Breard v Alexandria
341 US 622 (1951)
FindLaw
Dennis v United States
341 US 494 (1951)
("Clear and Probable Danger" Test for Speech)
FindLaw
Niemotko v Maryland
340 US 268 (1951)
FindLaw
Kovacs v Cooper
336 US 77; 69 S Ct 448; 93 L Ed 513 (1949)
("Preferred Freedoms"; Prohibition of Sound Trucks and Sound Amplifiers on Public Streets)
FindLaw
Saia v People of State of New York
334 US 558 (1948)
FindLaw
Craig v Harney
331 US 367 (1947)
FindLaw
Pennekamp v Florida
328 US 331; 66 S Ct 1029; 90 L Ed 1295 (1946)
(Contempt of Court for Criticism of Court)
FindLaw
Tucker v Texas
326 US 517 (1946)
FindLaw
Marsh v State of Alabama
326 US 501; 66 S Ct 276; 90 L Ed 265 (1946)
(Licenses for Distribution of Literature Where Private Propertyowner Performs Governmental Public Function)
FindLaw
Thomas v Collins
323 US 516; 65 S Ct 315; 89 L Ed 430 (1945)
(Prior Restraint of Speech; "Clear and Present Danger" Test for Speech; Right to Assemble)
FindLaw
Prince v Massachusetts
321 US 158 (1944)
FindLaw
Follett v Town of McCormick
321 US 573 (1943)
FindLaw
West Virginia State Board of Education v Barnette
319 US 624 (1943)
(Compulsory Pledge of Allegiance in Public Schools Violates Free Speech)
FindLaw, Wikipedia, overturns Minersville School District v. Gobitis, 310 US 586 (1940)
Martin v City of Struthers, Ohio
319 US 141; 63 S Ct 862; 87 L Ed 1313 (1943)
FindLaw
Largent v Texas
318 US 418 (1943)
FindLaw
Jamison v Texas
318 US 413 (1943)
FindLaw
Douglas v City of Jeannette
319 US 157 (1942)
FindLaw
Valentine v Chrestensen
316 US 52 (1942)
(Prohibition of Distribution of Literature)
FindLaw
Chaplinsky v New Hampshire
315 US 568 (1942)
(Prohibition of "fighting words" constitutional)
FindLaw
Bridges v California
Times-Mirror Co v Superior Court of California
314 US 252; 62 S Ct 190; 86 L Ed 892 (1941)
(Contempt of Court for Criticism of Court)
FindLaw
Cox v New Hampshire
312 US 569; 61 S Ct 762; 85 L Ed 1049 (1941)
(Licenses for Parades and Processions)
FindLaw
Minersville School District v Gobitis [sic]
310 US 586 (1940)
(Compulsory Pledge of Allegiance in Public Schools Does Not Violate Free Speech. Reversed with West Virginia State Board of Education v Barnette. Defendant's correct name was Globitas)
FindLaw
Cantwell v Connecticut
310 US 296 (1940)
(Licenses for Solicitation and Donations for Religious, Charitable or Philanthropic Causes)
FindLaw
Thornhill v Alabama
310 US 88 (1940)
FindLaw
Schneider v State of New Jersey
Young v People of State of California
Snyder v City of Milwaukee
Nichols et al v Commonwealth of Massachusetts
308 US 147 (1939)
(Prohibition of Distribution of Literature)
FindLaw
Hague v Committee for Industrial Organization
307 US 496; 59 S Ct 954; 83 L Ed 1423 (1939)
FindLaw
Lovell v City of Griffin, Georgia
303 US 444, 58 S Ct 666 (1938)
(Licenses for Distribution and Sale of Literature)
FindLaw
Gitlow v State of New York
268 US 652; 45 S Ct 625; 69 L Ed 1138 (1925)
FindLaw
Meyer v Nebraska
262 US 390; 43 S Ct 625; 67 L Ed 1042 (1923)
FindLaw
Schaefer v United States
251 US 466 (1920)
("Bad Tendency" Test for Speech)
FindLaw
Abrahams v United States
250 US 616 (1919)
FindLaw
Schenck v United States
249 US 47; 39 S Ct 247; 63 L Ed 470 (1919)
("Clear and Present Danger" Test for Speech)
FindLaw
Toledo Newspaper Co v United States
247 US 402 (1918)
FindLaw

 

Press

partial list of cases
also see 1st Amendment, Press Liberty
 

Ashcroft v Free Speech Coalition
535 US 234 (2002)
(Simulated Child Pornography Prohibition Unconstitutional)
Cornell, FindLaw, Justia, Wikipedia
Sony Corporation of America et al v Universal City Studios Inc et al
464 US 417 (1984)
(Manufacturers of Copying Devices Not Liable for Copyright Infringement)
Cornell, Findlaw, Home Recording Rights Coalition, Wikipedia
Zurcher v Stanford Daily
436 US 547; 56 L Ed 2d 525; 98 S Ct 1920 (1978)
(Search Warrant for Evidence in Newspaper Office)
FindLaw
Nebraska Press Association v Stuart
427 US 539; 49 L Ed 2d 683; S Ct 2791 (1976)
(Prior Restraint of Publication of Criminal Trial Reporting by State Court Injunction)
FindLaw
Miller v California
413 US 15; 93 S Ct 2607; 37 L Ed 2d 419 (1973)
FindLaw
Branzburg v Hayes
408 US 665 (1972)
(No immunity for journalists from testifying before grand juries)
FindLaw, Justia, Wikipedia
New York Times Company v United States
403 US 713; 91 S Ct 2140; 29 L Ed 2d 820 (1971)
(Prior Restraint of Publication of Pentagon Papers by President & Federal Court Injunction)
FindLaw
Ginzburg v United States
383 US 463; 86 S Ct 942; 16 L Ed 2d 31 (1966)
FindLaw
New York Times v Sullivan
(1964)
(First Amendment protects journalists, reporting on public officials, from libel suits)
Roth v United States
Alberts v California
354 US 476; 77 S Ct 1304; 1 L Ed 2d 1498 (1957)
(Mailing Obscene Materials)
FindLaw
Burstyn v Wilson
343 US 495; 72 S Ct 777; 96 L Ed 1098 (1952)
FindLaw
Pennekamp v Florida
328 US 331; 66 S Ct 1029; 90 L Ed 1295 (1946)
(Contempt of Court for Criticism of Court)
FindLaw
Martin v City of Struthers, Ohio
319 US 141; 63 S Ct 862; 87 L Ed 1313 (1943)
FindLaw
Jones v City of Opelika II
Murdock v Commonwealth of Pennsylvania
319 US 105; 63 S Ct 870; 87 L Ed 1292 (1943)
(License fee requirement for distribution of religious literature in exchange for a donation unconstitutional tax on religious exercise)
FindLaw
Jones v City of Opelika I
316 US 584 (1942)
(License requirement for sale of religious literature constitutional)
FindLaw
Hague v Committee for Industrial Organization
307 US 496; 59 S Ct 954; 83 L Ed 1423 (1939)
FindLaw
Grosjean v American Press Co
297 US 233; 56 S Ct 444; 80 L Ed 660 (1936)
FindLaw
Near v State of Minnesota ex rel Olson
283 US 697; 51 S Ct 625; 75 L Ed 1357 (1931)
FindLaw
Gitlow v State of New York
268 US 652; 45 S Ct 625; 69 L Ed 1138 (1925)
FindLaw
Abrams v United States
250 US 616; 40 S Ct 17; 63 L Ed 1173 (1919)
FindLaw

 

Assembly

partial list of cases
also see 1st Amendment
 

Harris v Quinn
11-681 (June 30 2014)
(First amendment prohibits collection of an agency fee from Rehabilitation Program PAs who do not wnat to join or support a union)
Clingman, Oklahoma State Election Board v Beaver
04-37 (2005)
(Limits Upon Voters Registered with Another Party whom are Invited to Vote in a Party's Primary Election does not violate Freedom of Association)
Findlaw
California Democratic Party v Jones
99-401 (2000)
(Partisan Associations may limit Voters of Candidate Selection despite State's Open Primary Law)
Findlaw
Tashjian v Republican Party of Connecticut
479 U.S. 208 (1986)
(Limits Upon Voters Not Regisitered with Another Party whom are Invited to Vote in a Party's Primary Election violate Freedom of Association)
FindLaw
Thomas v Collins
323 US 516; 65 S Ct 315; 89 L Ed 430 (1945)
FindLaw
Hague v Committee for Industrial Organization
307 US 496; 59 S Ct 954; 83 L Ed 1423 (1939)
FindLaw
De Jonge v Oregon
299 US 353; 57 S Ct 255; 81 L Ed 278 (1937)
FindLaw
Gitlow v State of New York
268 US 652; 45 S Ct 625; 69 L Ed 1138 (1925)
FindLaw

 

Militias

partial list of cases
also see 2nd Amendment
 

United States v Miller
307 US 174 (1939)
(Militia Consists of All Physically Capable Males When Called to Service Expected to Appear Bearing Arms Supplied by Themselves, Right to Keep and Bear Arms Not Limited to Members of Militia)

 

Right to Keep and Bear Arms

partial list of cases
also see 2nd Amendment
 

McDonald et al v City of Chicago, Illinois, et al
08-1521 (2010)
(State Incorporation of 2nd Amendment)
Huffington Post
District of Columbia et al v Heller
07-290 (2008)
(Right to Possess Arms Unconnected to Service in a Militia)
Findlaw
United States v Emerson
CR A 6:98CR103C, United States District Court, ND Texas, San Angelo Div
(Right to Bear Arms despite Federal Statute Prohibiting Possession of a Firearm while being under a State Restraining Order)
United States v Verdugo-Urquirdez
110 S Ct 3039 (1990)
("people" in 2nd Amendment same as "people" in Preamble, 1st, 4th & 9th Amendments: Citizens and Legal Aliens)
Lewis v United States
445 US 95 (1980)
(Felons are Subject to Loss of Rights of Citizenship including Right To Keep and Bear Arms)
United States v Miller
307 US 174 (1939)
(Arms with No Reasonable Relationship to Preservation or Efficiency of a Well Regulated Militia Not Protected by 2nd Amendment)
Miller v Texas
153 US 535 (1894)
(State Incorporation of 2nd Amendment Argument Not Made in Timely Fashion)
Presser v Illinois
116 US 252 (1886)
(States Cannot Prohibit Right to Keep and Bear Arms; 14th Amendment Incorporates 2nd Amendment to States)
United States v Cruikshank
92 US 542 (1876)
(Right to Keep and Bear Arms Recognized as a Right Existed Prior to Constitution, Right to Keep and Bear Arms Not Dependent on Constitution for Existence)

 

Persons, Houses, Papers, Effects

partial list of cases
also see 4th Amendment
 

Olmstead v United States
277 US 438 (1928)
(Telephone Wires Outside House Not "Houses, Papers, and Effects")
Findlaw

 

Warrantless Searches and Seizures

partial list of cases
also see 4th Amendment
 

Fernandez v California
12-7822 (on docket)
(Warrantless search of dwelling with consent of another co-occupant when absent co-occupant previously refused consent)
Maryland v King
12-207 (June 3 2013)
(Warrantless seizure of DNA incident to arrest for identification is constitutional)
SCOTUS
United States v Jones
10-1259, 08-3030, 08-3034 (2012)
(Prolonged GPS tracking is a search subject to Fourth Amendment requirements)
SCOTUS
United States Courts
Kentucky v King
09-1272 (2011)
(Warrant not required to search dwelling with exigent circumstances not created or manufactured by police)
SCOTUS
Sanford Unified School District #1 et all v Redding
08-479 (2009)
(Search of public school student's underwear violates Fourth Amendment)
SCOTUS
Georgia v Randolph
04-1067 (2006)
(Warrantless search of dwelling when physically present co-occupant refused consent unconstitutional regardless of another co-occupant consent)
Cornell, caselaw.lp.findlaw.com/scripts/getcase.pl?court=US&vol=000&invol=04-1067
Illinois v Caballes
03-923 (2005)
(Dog sniff conducted during lawful traffic stop that reveals no information other than the location of a substance that no individual has any right to possess does not violate the Fourth Amendment)
Findlaw
Board of Education of Independent School District No 92 of Pottawatomie County v Earls et al
536 US 822 (2002)
(Special needs outweigh diminished expectation of privacy and are reasonable for extracurricular school activities drug testing)
FindLaw, Wikipedia
?
(June 17 2002)
(Police not required to inform suspects their right to refuse consentual search)
?
(Dec 10 2001)
(Warrant not required if warrantless search a condition of probationer's probation)
?
(Mar 21 2001)
(Hospital workers cannot test maternity patients for illegal drug use without consent)
Kyllo v United States
(Jun 11 2001)
(Warrant required for thermal imaging of home)
?
(Nov 28 2000)
(Probable Cause Required for Warrantless Vehicle Searches at Highway Checkpoint with Primary Purpose of Detecting Illegal Activity)
?
(Mar 28 2000)
(Anonymous tip not reasonable for warrantless protective search)
?
(Jan 12 2000)
(Police allowed to detain suspects who egress after sighting police)
Chandler v Miller
520 US 305 (1997)
(Requirement that political candidates pass a drug test not within constitutionally permissible suspicionless searches)
FindLaw, Wikipedia
United States v Watson
117 F3d 1421 (1997 WL 377035) (CTA6 1997)
(Genuine threats to obtain search warrant may not render search consent involuntary)
United States v Riascos-Suarez
73 F3rd 616, 625 (6th Cir 1996)
(Coerced consent in warrantless search)
Vernonia School District 47J v Acton
515 US 646 (1995)
(Compelling governmental interest outweigh privacy interests is reasonable in drug testing minor students)
FindLaw
United States v White
979 F2d 539, 542 (CTA6 1992)
(Baseless threats to obtain search warrant may render search consent involuntary)
Open Jurist
National Treasury Employees Union v Von Raab
489 US 656 (1989)
(Compelling governmental interest outweigh privacy interests and is reasonable absent probable cause)
FindLaw, Wikipedia
Skinner v Railway Labor Executives Association
489 US 602 (1989)
("Special needs" exception to warrant requirement to drug test railroad employees in accidents)
FindLaw, Wikipedia
United States v Colonia
870 F2d 1319 (CTA7 1989)
(Genuine threats to obtain search warrant may not render search consent involuntary)
United States v Talkington
843 F2d 1031 (CTA7 1988)
(Genuine threats to obtain search warrant may not render search consent involuntary)
New Jersey v T L O
469 US 325 (1985)
(Warrantless search of public school student)
FindLaw>
United States v Williams
754 F2d 672 (CTA6 1985)
(Time Limits on Detainment without Arrest or Seizure of Person)
United States v Place
462 US 696 (1983)
(Dog sniff not a search)
FindLaw, Wikipedia
United States v Ross
456 US 798 (1982)
(Legal warrantless search of vehicle may also include containers within vehicle)
FindLaw, Wikipedia
Payton v New York
445 US 573; 63 L Ed 2d 639; 100 S Ct 1371 (1980)
(Warrantless Search of House)
FindLaw
Marshall v Barlow's, Inc
436 US 307; 56 L Ed 2d 305; 98 S Ct 1816 (1978)
(Warrantless Search of Commercial Building)
FindLaw
United States v Chadwick
433 US 1 (1977)
(Warrantless Search of Locked Footlocker in Police Custody)
FindLaw
United States v Brignoni-Ponce
422 US 5873 (1975)
(Traffic Stop Permitted Only If Specific Articulable Facts Reasonably Warrants Suspicion)
FindLaw, Roadblock Registry
Brown v Illinois
422 US 590; 95 S Ct 2254 (1975)
(Exploitation of an Illegal Act may render Search Consent Involuntary)
FindLaw
United States v Robinson
414 US 218 (1973)
(Search Incident to Arrest Permissible Exception to Warrant Requirement)
FindLaw
Schneckloth v Bustamonte
412 US 218, 248-249; 93 S Ct 2041, 2059 (1973)
(Coercion and Duress may render Search Consent Involuntary)
FindLaw
United States v United States District Court (aka Keith case)
407 US 297, 321-24 (1972)
(Warrantless Electronic Surveillance of Domestic Organizations Unconstitutional despite assertion of National Security)
FindLaw
United States v Biswell
406 US 311 (1972)
(Warrantless Inspection of Pervasively Regulated Business)
FindLaw
Chimel v California
395 US 752; 89 S Ct 2034; 23 L Ed 2d 685 (1969)
(Warrantless Search of House Incident to Arrest)
FindLaw
Terry v Ohio
392 US 1 (1968)
(Pat down for weapons exigent exception to warrant requirement when police have reason person armed or dangerous)
FindLaw, Wikipedia
Katz v United States
389 US 347, 357 (1967)
(Warrantless Searches per se Unreasonable with some Exceptions)
FindLaw
Norman See v City of Seattle
387 US 541, 18 L ed 2d 943, 87 S Ct 1737 (1967)
(Warrantless Fire Code Enforcement Inspection of Commercial Building)
FindLaw
Camara v Municipal Court of the City and County of San Francisco
387 US 523 (1967)
(Warrantless Housing Code Enforcement Inspection of Private Residence)
FindLaw
Stoner v California
376 US 483
FindLaw
Mapp v Ohio
367 US 643; 81 S Ct 1684; 6 L Ed 2d 1081 (1961)
(Warrantless Search of House)
FindLaw
Eaton v Price
364 US 263
FindLaw
Frank v Maryland
359 US 360
FindLaw
United States v Jeffers
342 US 48
FindLaw
McDonald v United States
335 US 451
FindLaw
Johnson v United States
333 US 10, 14
(Warrantless Search of House)
FindLaw
Davis v United States
328 US 582 (1946)
(Warrantless Search with Disputed Coerced Consent for Government Owned Property)
FindLaw
Goldman v United States
316 US 129 (1942)
(Telephone conversations only protected by Federal Communications Act throughout the course of its transmission)
FindLaw
Go-Bart Importing Company v United States
282 US 344 (1931)
(Deficient/Defective Search Warrant)
FindLaw
Olmstead v United States
277 US 438 (1928)
(Warrantless Telephone Wire Tapping Outside House is Constitutional regardless of State Law Prohibiting Wire Taps)
FindLaw
Agnello v United States
269 US 20
FindLaw
Carroll v United States
267 US 132 (1925)
(Warrantless Search of Vehicle)
FindLaw
Amos v United States
255 US 313, 41 S Ct 266 (1921)
(Warrantless Search of House)
FindLaw
Gouled v United States
255 US 298 (1921)
(Warrantless Search of Office and Papers)
FindLaw

 

Search and Seizure Incident to Arrest

partial list of cases
also see 4th Amendment
 

Riley v California
13-132 (June 25 2014)
(Warrant required to access contents of cellphone seized incident to arreast)
SCOTUS
Maryland v King
12-207 (June 3 2013)
(Warrantless seizure of DNA incident to arrest for identification is constitutional)
SCOTUS
?
(Apr 24 2001)
(Search Incident to Arrest for Minor Offense does not Violate Fourth Amendment)
Knowles v Iowa
97-7597 (1998)
(Search Incident to Traffic Citation Violates Fourth Amendment regardless of Iowa Law)
United States v Robinson
414 US 218 (1973)
(Search incident to arrest permissible exception to warrant requirement)
Chimel v California
395 US 752; 89 S Ct 2034; 23 L Ed 2d 685 (1969)
(Warrantless search of house incident to arrest)
Harris v United States
331 US 145; 67 S Ct 1098; 91 L Ed 1399 (1947)
(Search of arrestee's entire house)

 

Warrant Searches and Seizures

partial list of cases
also see 4th Amendment
 

Riley v California
13-132 (June 25 2014)
(Warrant required to access contents of cellphone seized incident to arreast)
SCOTUS
Bailey v United States
11-770 (2013)
(Detention incident to execution of search warrant limited to immediate vicinity)
SCOTUS, en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bailey_v._United_States_(2013)
Flippo v West Virginia
98-8770 (1999)
(Warrants required to search murder scenes in homes)
Muehler v Mena
544 US 93 (2005)
(Handcuffed detention incident to execution of search warrant does not require separate reasonable suspicion to question detainee)
FindLaw
Michigan v Summers
452 US 692 (1981)
(Detention incident to execution of search warrant in immediate vicinity constitutional)
FindLaw
Ybarra v Illinois
444 US 85; 62 L Ed 2d 238; 100 S Ct 338 (1979)
(Persons Not Described Searched without Probable Cause at Place Described)
Mincey v Arizona
437 US 385 (1978)
(Warrants Required to Search Murder Scenes in Homes)
Findlaw
Zurcher v Stanford Daily
436 US 547; 56 L Ed 2d 525; 98 S Ct 1920 (1978)
(Search Warrant for Criminal Evidence in Newspaper Office)
Findlaw
Harris v United States
331 US 145; 67 S Ct 1098; 91 L Ed 1399 (1947)
(Things Seized Not Described)
Go-Bart Importing Company v United States
282 US 344 (1931)
(Deficient/Defective Search Warrant)

 

Probable Cause

partial list of cases
also see 4th Amendment
 

Virginia v Moore
06-1082 (Apr 23 2008)
(State Statutes not Incorporated in 4th Amendment, No Federal Remedy for Improper State Arrests)
Findlaw
Brendlin v California
06-8120 (June 18 2007)
(Passengers have Standing in Challenging Constitutionality of Traffic Stops)
Findlaw
Illinois v Caballes
03-923 (2005)
(Dog sniff conducted during lawful traffic stop that reveals no information other than the location of a substance that no individual has any right to possess does not violate the Fourth Amendment)
Findlaw
Board of Education of Independent School District No 92 of Pottawatomie County v Earls et al
536 US 822 (2002)
(Special needs outweigh diminished expectation of privacy and are reasonable absent probable cause for extracurricular school activities drug testing)
FindLaw, Wikipedia
?
(Nov 28 2000)
(Probable cause required for vehicle searches at highway checkpoint with primary purpose of detecting illegal activity)
Chandler v Miller
520 US 305 (1997)
(Requirement that candidates pass a drug test not within constitutionally permissible suspicionless searches)
FindLaw, Wikipedia
Vernonia School District 47J v Acton
515 US 646 (1995)
(Compelling governmental interest outweigh privacy interests is reasonable absent probable cause in drug testing minor students)
FindLaw
National Treasury Employees Union v Von Raab
489 US 656 (1989)
(Compelling governmental interest outweigh privacy interests and is reasonable absent probable cause)
FindLaw, Wikipedia
Skinner v Railway Labor Executives Association
489 US 602 (1989)
(Special needs exception to probable cause requirement to drug test railroad employees in train accidents)
FindLaw, Wikipedia
Ybarra v Illinois
444 US 85; 62 L Ed 2d 238; 100 S Ct 338 (1979)
(Persons searched without probable cause)
FindLaw

 

Oath or Affirmation

partial list of cases
also see 4th Amendment

 

Particularly Describing Place To Be Searched

partial list of cases
also see 4th Amendment
 

Ybarra v Illinois
444 US 85; 62 L Ed 2d 238; 100 S Ct 338 (1979)
(Persons not described searched without probable cause at place described)
FindLaw

  

Describing Persons To Be Seized

partial list of cases
also see 4th Amendment
 

Ybarra v Illinois
444 US 85; 62 L Ed 2d 238; 100 S Ct 338 (1979)
(Persons not described searched without probable cause at place described)
FindLaw

 

Describing Things To Be Seized

partial list of cases
also see 4th Amendment

 

Grand Juries

partial list of cases
also see 5th Amendment
 

Hurtado v California
110 US 516; 4 S Ct 111; 28 L Ed 232 (1884)
FindLaw

 

Double Jeopardy

partial list of cases
also see 5th Amendment, Article 1 Section 8's Regulate Commerce, 9th Amendment's Undelegated Powers
(Many "Separate State and Federal Prosecutions for Same Offense" cases are incorrectly defended as Double Jeopardy when they should have been argued as violations of Article 1 Section 8's Powers of Congress and 9th Amendment's Undelegated Powers)
 

Martinez v Illinois
572 US __, 13-5967 (2014)
(Jeopardy attaches when the jury is empaneled and sworn)
SCOTUS
Wilson v Layne
98-83 (1999)
(Media and Other Third Parties Invited by Police to Enter Home During Execution of Search Warrant Violates Fourth Amendment)
FindLaw
United States v Ursery
95-345 (1996)
(Civil Forfeiture and Criminal Prosecution not Double Jeopardy; Civil Forfeiture not Punishment)
FindLaw
Montana Department of Revenue v Kurth Ranch
93-144 (1994)
(Tax Levied After Conviction of Criminal Possession of Prohibited Items Subject to Tax is Double Jeopardy)
Findlaw
Benton v Maryland
395 US 784 (1969)
Bartikus v Illinois
(1959)
(Separate State and Federal Prosecutions for Same Offense not Double Jeopardy)
Abbate v United States
(1959)
(Separate State and Federal Prosecutions for Same Offense not Double Jeopardy)
State of Louisiana ex rel Francis v Reswebar
329 US 459; 67 S Ct 374; 91 L Ed 422 (1947)
Palko v State of Connecticut
302 US 319; 58 S Ct 149; 82 L Ed 288 (1937)
United States v Lanza
260 US 377; 43 S Ct 141; 67 L Ed 314 (1922)
(Separate State and Federal Prosecutions for Same Offense not Double Jeopardy)

 

Self Incrimination

partial list of cases
also see Defense Counsel, 5th Amendment
 

Salinas v Texas
12-246 (2013)
(Defendant must invoke privilege against self incrimination during precustody interview to exclude interview at trial)
SCOTUS
Berghuis v Thompkins
08-1470 (2010)
(Interrogation Allowed and Voluntary Statements Admissible After Inferred Waiver of Self Incrimination Privilege)
Cornell
?
(Mar 19 2001)
(Claims of No Involvement with a Crime does not Waive Self Incrimination Privilege)
Dickerson v United States
99-5525 (2000)
(Court, not Statute, Governs Admissibility of Statements During Interrogation)
Findlaw
Davis v United States
92-1949 (1994)
(Ambiguous Request for Counsel Does Not Rescind Waiver of Self-Incrimination Privilege)
Findlaw
Colorado v Spring
479 US 564 (1987)
(Failure to Inform Defendant Subject Matter of Interrogation Does Not Affect Waiver of Self-Incrimination Privilege)
Findlaw
Connecticut v Barrett
479 US 523 (1987)
(Ambiguous Request for Counsel Does Not Rescind Waiver of Self-Incrimination Privilege)
Findlaw
Moran v Burbine
475 US 412 (1986)
(Defendant's Explicit Waiver of Right to Counsel Valid Regardless of Request by Public Defender to Counsel Defendant)
Findlaw
Oregon v Elstad
470 US 298 (1985)
(Statements Admissible After Waiver of Self-Incrimination Privilege Regardless of Previous Unwarned Statements)
Findlaw
United States v Williams
754 F2d 672 (CTA6 1985)
(Time Limits on Detainment without Arrest or Seizure of Person)
Edwards v Arizona
451 US 477 (1981)
(Right to Counsel During Interrogation Extends to Subsequent Interrogations Regardless of Defendant Waiver of Self-Incrimination Privilege)
Findlaw
Tague v Louisiana
444 US 469 (1980)
(Burden on Prosecution to Show Defendant Knowingly and Intelligently Waived Self-Incrimination Privilege and Right to Counsel)
Findlaw
Fare v Michael C
442 US 707 (1979)
(Defendant's Request for his Probation Officer Not Exercise of Right to Counsel During Interrogation)
Findlaw
North Carolina v Butler
441 US 369 (1979)
(Explicit Waiver of Right to Counsel by Defendant Not Required to Support Finding of Waiver)
Findlaw
Michigan v Mosley
423 US 96 (1975)
(Self-Incrimination Privilege Request to End Interrogation does not Extend to Subsequent Interrogations)
Findlaw
Kastigar v United States
406 US 441 (1972)
(Use Immunity can Override Self-Incrimination Privilege Claim)
Marchetti v United States
390 US 39; 88 S Ct 697; 19 L Ed 2d 889 (1968)
Katz v United States
389 US 347; 88 S Ct 507; 19 L Ed 2d 576 (1967)
Schmerber v California
384 US 757; 86 S Ct 1826; 16 L Ed 2d 908 (1966)
Miranda v Arizona
384 US 436; 86 S Ct 1602; 16 L Ed 2d 694 (1966)
(Statements by Defendant Coerced without Waiver of Self-Incrimination Privilege)
Cornell
Escobedo v Illinois
378 US 478; 84 S Ct 1758; 12 L Ed 2d 977 (1964)
Murphy v Waterfront Commission of New York Harbor
378 US 52; 84 S Ct 1594; 12 L Ed 2d 678 (1964)
Malloy v Hogan
378 US 1; 84 S Ct 1489; 12 L Ed 2d 653 (1964)
Ullmann v United States
350 US 422; 76 S Ct 497; 100 L Ed 511 (1956)
Adamson v California
332 US 46; 67 S Ct 1672; 91 L Ed 1903 (1947)
Chambers v Florida
309 US 227; 84 L Ed 716; 60 S Ct 472 (1940)
Olmstead v United States
277 US 438; S Ct 564; 72 L Ed 944 (1928)

 

Federal Deprivation of Liberty

partial list of cases
also see 5th Amendment, 9th Amendment's Unenumerated Rights, 14th Amendment's State Deprivation of Liberty
 

United States v Windsor
12-307 (June 26 2013)
(Defense of Marriage Act federal statute unconstitutionally deprives equal liberty of spouses of state recognized marriages)
SCOTUS

 

Federal Due Process

partial list of cases
also see 5th Amendment, 14th Amendment's State Due Process
 

United States v Windsor
12-307 (June 26 2013)
(Defense of Marriage Act federal statute unconstitutionally deprives due process of liberty of spouses of state recognized marriages)
SCOTUS
Harris v McRae
448 US 297; 65 L Ed 2d 784; 100 S Ct 2671 (1980)
Weinberger v Wiesenfeld
420 US 636; 43 L Ed 2d 514; 95 S Ct 1225 (1975)
Davidson v New Orleans
96 US 97, 24 L Ed 616 (1878)
Munn v Illinois
94 US 113 (1877)
Barron v Baltimore
7 Peters 243; 8 L Ed 672 (1833)
Dred Scott v Sanford
60 US 393 (1857)
(Black Slaves do not have Standing to Sue in Federal Court)
Touro, Wikipedia

 

Federal Incorporation of Equal Protection

partial list of cases
also see 5th Amendment, 14th Amendment's Equal Protection
 

Weinberger v Wiesenfeld
420 US 636; 43 L Ed 2d 514; 95 S Ct 1225 (1975)
(Federal Gender Discrimination)

 

Private Property

partial list of cases
also see 5th Amendment

 

Taking

partial list of cases
also see 5th Amendment
 

Koontz v St Johns River Water Management District
11-1447 (June 25 2013)
(Government restrictions on demanding property as a condition of a land use permit also applies to denied permits)
SCOTUS
?
(Apr 23 2003)
(Government Moritorium on Property Development not De Facto Taking)
Bowen v Agencies Opposed to Social Security Entrapment
477 US 41 (1986)
(Amending Social Security Act Prohibiting State Withdrawal of Participation is not Taking of Property, Agreements Created No Contractual Rights)
FindLaw
Pruneyard Shopping Center v Robins et al
447 US 74 (1980)
FindLaw
(California Statute Granting Speech and Petition Rights at Private Shopping Centers is not a Taking of Property)
Village of Euclid, Ohio v Ambler Realty Co
US 365; 47 S Ct 114; 71 L Ed 303 (1926)
Barron v Baltimore
7 Peters 243; 8 L Ed 672 (1833)

 

Public Use

partial list of cases
also see 5th Amendment

 

Just Compensation

partial list of cases
also see 5th Amendment
 

United States v Winstar Corp et al
95-865 (1996)
(Congressional Acts that Impair Contracts a Taking Without Just Compensation)
Findlaw
United States v Rands
389 US 121 (1967)
(Interests of riparian owners are subject to the Government's power to control navigable waters and the proper exercise of that power is not compensable under the Fifth Amendment)
FindLaw

 

Right to Speedy Public Trial

partial list of cases
also see 6th Amendment
 

Alleyne v United States
11–9335 (2013)
(Facts that increase a mandatory sentence must be submitted to the jury)
SCOTUS
Klopfer v North Carolina
386 US 216 (1967)

 

Impartial Jury

partial list of cases
also see 6th Amendment
 

Chandler and Granger v Florida
449 US 560; 66 L Ed 2d 740; 101 S Ct 802 (1981)
(Broadcasts of Criminal Trials)
Duren v Missouri
439 US 357; 58 L Ed 2d 579, 99 S Ct 664 (1979)
Nebraska Press Association v Stuart
427 US 539; 49 L Ed 2d 683; S Ct 2791 (1976)
(Prior Restraint of Publication Criminal Trial Reporting by State Court Injunction)
Parker v Gladden
385 US 363 (1966)
Patton v State of Mississippi
332 US 463; 68 S Ct 184; 92 L Ed 76 (1948)
Pennekamp v Florida
328 US 331; 66 S Ct 1029; 90 L Ed 1295 (1946)
Norris v Alabama
294 US 587; 55 S Ct 579; 79 L Ed 1074 (1935)

 

Confront Witnesses

partial list of cases
also see 6th Amendment
 

Crawford v Washington
(2004)
(Hearsay Testimony Violates 6th Amendment Right to Confront Witnesses)
Illinois v Allen
397 US 337; 90 S Ct 1057; 25 L Ed 2d 353 (1970)
(Disruptive Defendants do not have 6th Amendment Right to be Present at own Trial)

 

Compulsory Witnesses

partial list of cases
also see 6th Amendment
 

Illinois v Allen
397 US 337; 90 S Ct 1057; 25 L Ed 2d 353 (1970)
(Disruptive Defendants do not have 6th Amendment Right to be Present at own Trial)
Pointer v Texas
380 US 400 (1967)

 

Defense Counsel

partial list of cases
also see Self-Incrimination, 6th Amendment
 

?
(May 20 2002)
(States may not Impose Sentence with Possibility of Incarceration on Unrepresented Defendants)
?
(Apr 2 2001)
(Police May Question Suspect without an Attorney if Suspect Already Represented by Attorney in a Related Case)
?
(Jan 13 2000)
(Appeals Court Judges may Disallow Self-Representation by Criminal Defendant while Appealing Their Case)
Strickland v Washington
466 US 668 (1984)
(Conviction Reversal or Death Sentence Set Aside Requires Defendant Show Counsel Deficiency Prejudiced Defense)
Findlaw
Tague v Louisiana
444 US 469 (1980)
(Burden on Prosecution to Show Defendant Knowingly and Intelligently Waived Right to Counsel and Self-Incrimination Privilege)
Findlaw
North Carolina v Butler
441 US 369 (1979)
(Explicit Waiver of Right to Counsel by Defendant Not Required to Support Finding of Waiver)
Findlaw
Argersinger v Hamlin
407 US 25 (1972)
Findlaw
Illinois v Allen
397 US 337; 90 S Ct 1057; 25 L Ed 2d 353 (1970)
(Disruptive Defendants Have No Right to be Present at Trial)
Findlaw
Miranda v Arizona
384 US 436; 86 S Ct 1602; 16 L Ed 2d 694 (1966)
(Defendant Must Be Informed of Right to Counsel Prior to Interrogation and Admissible Statements)
Cornell, Findlaw
Escobedo v Illinois
378 US 478; 84 S Ct 1758; 12 L Ed 2d 977 (1964)
Findlaw
Gideon v Wainwright
372 US 335; 83 S Ct 792; 9 L Ed 2d 799 (1963)
(State Defendants Entitled to Attorney in Felony Criminal Prosecutions)
Findlaw
Carnley v Cochran
369 US 506 (1962)
(Burden on Prosecution to Show Defendant Offered Counsel and Defendant Intelligently and Understandingly Refused)
Findlaw
Johnson v Zerbst
304 US 458 (1938)
(Competent and Intelligent Defendant May Waive Right to Counsel)
Cornell
Findlaw
Powell v Alabama
287 US 45; 53 S Ct 55; 77 L Ed 158 (1932)
Findlaw

 

Civil Jury Trial

partial list of cases
also see 7th Amendment
 

Gasperini v Center
(1996)
(Appeal Judges may set aside Jury Awards when Trial Judge abuses Discretion)

 

Excessive Bail

partial list of cases
also see 8th Amendment

 

Excessive Fines

partial list of cases
also see 8th Amendment
 

State Farm Insurance v ?
(Apr 7 2003)
(High Punitive to Compensatory Damages Ratio is Excessive, Irrational and Arbitrary)

 

Cruel & Unusual Punishment

partial list of cases
also see 8th Amendment
 

State Farm Insurance v ?
(Apr 7 2003)
(Punitive Damages for Defendant Conduct Outside Case Unconstitutional)
?
(Apr 2 2003)
(State's Three Strikes Law not Cruel nor Unusual Punishment)
Penry v Texas
(June 20 2002)
(Execution of Mentally Retarded Persons Unconstitutional)
Gregg v Georgia
428 US 153; 49 L Ed 2d 859; 96 S Ct 2909 (1976)
Findlaw
Robinson v California
370 US 660 (1962)
Findlaw
State of Louisiana ex rel Francis v Reswebar
329 US 459; 67 S Ct 374; 91 L Ed 422 (1947)
Findlaw

 

Unenumerated Rights

partial list of cases
also see 9th Amendment, 5th Amendment's Federal Deprivation of Liberty, 14th Amendment's State Deprivation of Liberty
 

Stenberg v Carhart
99-830 (2000)
(Partial birth abortion privacy right)
Findlaw
Doe v Bolton
410 US 113 (1973)
(Abortion cannot be unduly burdened by regulation)
Findlaw
Roe v Wade
410 US 113; 93 S Ct 705; 35 L Ed 2d 147 (1973)
(Abortion privacy right)
Findlaw
Griswold v Connecticut
381 US 479; 85 S Ct 1678; 14 L Ed 2d 510 (1965)
(Privacy Right)
Meyer v Nebraska
262 US 390; 43 S Ct 625; 67 L Ed 1042 (1923)
(Liberty to teach foreign language to children)
McCulloch v Maryland
(1819)
(Congress has unenumerated power (aka implied power) to enact laws that reflect the "letter and spirit" of the Constitution)

 

Undelegated Powers

partial list of cases
also see 10th Amendment, Article 6's Supremacy Clause
 

Bond v United States
12-158 (2013)
?
(Mar 6 2000)
(States cannot enact laws that conflict with or supplement federal law)
?
(Jan 11 2000)
(Federal law cannot prohibit state government's age discrimination against state employees)
Reno v Condon
528 US 141 (2000)
(Federal law proscribing unconsensual sale of state departments of motor vehicles' driver information constitutional)
FindLaw
Printz v United States
521 US 898, 95-1478 (1997)
(Federal law commandeering local chief law enforcement officers to conduct firearm background checks unconstitutional)
FindLaw, Wikipedia
New York v United States
505 US 144 (1992)
(Federal law commandeering States' legislative process by directly compelling then to enact and enforce a federal regulatory program is unconstitional)
FindLaw, Wikipedia
Garcia v San Antonio Metropolitan Transit Authority
469 US 528 (1985)
(Federal wage regulation of SAMTA employees constitutional)
FindLaw
Williams and Diamond v Zbaraz
448 US 358; 65 L Ed 2d 831; 100 S Ct 2694 (1980)
FindLaw
Harris v McRae
448 US 297; 65 L Ed 2d 784; 100 S Ct 2671 (1980)
FindLaw
National League of Cities v Usery
426 US 833 (1976)
(Federal wage regulation of state employees unconstitutional)
FindLaw
Linder v United States
268 US 5 (1925)
(Direct control of medical practice in states beyond power of federal government)
(Incidental regulation by Congress through a taxing sct cannot Extend to matters inappropriate and unnecessary to reasonable Enforcement of a revenue measure)
FindLaw
McCulloch v Maryland
(1819)
(Congress has undelegated power (aka implied power) to enact laws that reflect the "letter and spirit" of the constitution)
Marbury v Madison
5 US 137 (1803)
(Court has undelegated power to overturn acts of congress)
FindLaw, Wikipedia

 

Jurisdiction in Suits Against States

partial list of cases
also see 11th Amendment, Article 3's Supreme Court Jurisdiction
 

Regents v Doe
95-1695 (1997)
Osborn v Bank of the United States
9 Wheaton 738; 6 L Ed 204 (1824)
(Federal Agency Suit Against State Officials)

 

Subject to US Jurisdiction

partial list of cases
also see 14th Amendment  

Lawrence v Texas
539 US 558 (2003)
(State same gender sodomy laws violate due process clause)
FindLaw
United States v Wong Kim Ark
169 US 649 (1898)
(Children born in United States to non-citizen parents are United States citizens)
FindLaw, Wikipedia
Elk v Wilkins
112 US 94 (1884)
("Indian" children born in United States and not subject to US jurisdiction are not United States Citizens)
FindLaw, Wikipedia
Inglis v Trustees of Sailor's Snug Harbor
28 US 99 (1830)
(Children Born in United States Territory Occupied by a Foreign Power Not Citizens)
FindLaw, Justia, Wikipedia

 

Privileges and Immunities

partial list of cases
also see 14th Amendment, Article 4's Privileges and Immunities
 

Jones v Temmer
829 F. Supp. 1226 (1993)
(Privileges and Immunities Clause does not protect Rights which relate to State Citizenship)
Stauder v West Virginia
100 US 303 (1879)
(States shall not restrict eligibility of jurors based on race or color)
FindLaw, Justia
Butchers' Benevolent Association of New Orleans v Crescent City Live-Stock Landing and Slaughter-House Company
83 US 36, 38 (1873)
(Privileges and Immunities Clause does not protect Rights which relate to State Citizenship)
FindLaw, Justia, Wikipedia

 

State Deprivation of Liberty

partial list of cases
also see 14th Amendment, 5th Amendment's Federal Deprivation of Liberty, 9th Amendment's Unenumerated Rights
 

Webster v Reproductive Health Services
492 US 49 (1989)
(States may restrict public funds and public facilities for abortion)
FindLaw, Wikipedia
City of Akron v Akron Center for Reproductive Health
462 US 416 (1983)
(Abortion cannot be unduly burdened by state regulation requiring 2nd term abortions be performed in hospitals, and restricting abortion for minors without judicial bypass)
FindLaw, Wikipedia
Addington v Texas
439 US 908 (1979)
FindLaw
Zablocki v Redhail
434 US 374; 54 L Ed 2d 618; 98 S Ct 673 (1978)
FindLaw
Planned Parenthood v Danforth
428 US 52 (1976)
(Abortion cannot be unduly burdened by state regulation requiring parental and spousal consent)
FindLaw, Wikipedia
O'Connor v Donaldson
422 US 563; 95 S Ct 2486; 45 L Ed 2d 396 (1975)
FindLaw
Doe v Bolton
410 US 113 (1973)
(Abortion cannot be unduly burdened by state regulation)
FindLaw
Roe v Wade
410 US 113; 93 S Ct 705; 35 L Ed 2d 147 (1973)
(Abortion privacy right)
FindLaw
Gitlow v State of New York
268 US 652; 45 S Ct 625; 69 L Ed 1138 (1925)
FindLaw
Pierce v Society of Sisters
268 US 510 (1925)
FindLaw
Meyer v Nebraska
262 US 390; 43 S Ct 625; 67 L Ed 1042 (1923)
(Liberty to teach foreign language to children)
FindLaw
Stauder v West Virginia
100 US 303 (1879)
(States shall not restrict eligibility of jurors based on race or color)
FindLaw, Justia
Butchers' Benevolent Association of New Orleans v Crescent City Live-Stock Landing and Slaughter-House Company
83 US 36, 38 (1873)
(Rights derived from state citizenship not protected by 14th amendment)
FindLaw, Justia, Wikipedia

 

State Due Process

partial list of cases
also see 14th Amendment, 5th Amendment's Federal Due Process
 

Bowers v Hardwick
478 US 186 (1986)
(Consensual sodomy not a fundamental right, state criminalization of consensual sodomy does not violate due process)
FindLaw
Skinner v Oklahoma
(1942)
Palko v State of Connecticut
302 US 319; 58 S Ct 149; 82 L Ed 288 (1937)
FindLaw
Buck v Bell
274 US 200, 47 S Ct 584, 71 L Ed 1000 (1927)
(State forced sterilization of feeble-minded persons)
FindLaw
Tumey v Ohio
273 US 510; 47 S Ct 114; 71 L Ed 303 (1926)
FindLaw
Stauder v West Virginia
100 US 303 (1879)
(States shall not restrict eligibility of jurors based on race or color)
FindLaw, Justia

 

State Incorporation of Other US Constitutional Provisions

partial list of cases
also see 14th Amendment
 

McDonald et al v City of Chicago, Illinois, et al
08-1521 (2010)
(State incorporation of 2nd Amendment)
Huffington Post
?
(May 20 2002)
(6th amendment defense counsel)
Jones v Temmer
829 F. Supp. 1226 (1993)
(Privileges and immunities clause of 14th amendment does not protect rights which relate to state citizenship)
Chandler and Granger v Florida
449 US 560; 66 L Ed 2d 740; 101 S Ct 802 (1981)
(1st Amendment Speech & Press; 6th Amendment Impartial Jury)
FindLaw
Williams and Diamond v Zbaraz
448 US 358; 65 L Ed 2d 831; 100 S Ct 2694 (1980)
FindLaw
Harris v McRae
448 US 297; 65 L Ed 2d 784; 100 S Ct 2671 (1980)
FindLaw
Payton v New York
445 US 573; 63 L Ed 2d 639; 100 S Ct 1371 (1980)
(4th Amendment Search and Seizure)
FindLaw
Ybarra v Illinois
444 US 85; 62 L Ed 2d 238; 100 S Ct 338 (1979)
(4th Amendment Search and Seizure)
FindLaw
Duren v Missouri
439 US 357; 58 L Ed 2d 579, 99 S Ct 664 (1979)
FindLaw
Zurcher v Stanford Daily
436 US 547; 56 L Ed 2d 525; 98 S Ct 1920 (1978)
(1st Amendment Press; 4th Amendment Search and Seizure)
FindLaw
Gregg v Georgia
428 US 153; 49 L Ed 2d 859; 96 S Ct 2909 (1976)
FindLaw
Nebraska Press Association v Stuart
427 US 539; 49 L Ed 2d 683; S Ct 2791 (1976)
(1st Amendment Press; 6th Amendment Impartial Jury)
FindLaw
Roe v Wade
410 US 113; 93 S Ct 705; 35 L Ed 2d 147 (1973)
(9th Amendment Unenumerated Rights)
FindLaw
Argersinger v Hamlin
407 US 25 (1972)
(6th Amendment Defense Counsel)
FindLaw
Benton v Maryland
395 US 784 (1969)
(5th Amendment Double Jeopardy)
FindLaw
Duncan v Louisiana
391 US 145; 20 L Ed 491; 88 S Ct 1444 (1968)
FindLaw
Pointer v Texas
380 US 400 (1967)
(6th Amendment Compulsory Witnesses)
FindLaw
Klopfer v North Carolina
386 US 216 (1967)
(6th Amendment Speedy and Public Trial)
FindLaw
Parker v Gladden
385 US 363 (1966)
(6th Amendment Impartial Jury)
FindLaw
Miranda v Arizona
384 US 436; 86 S Ct 1602; 16 L Ed 2d 694 (1966)
FindLaw
Griswold v Connecticut
381 US 479; 85 S Ct 1678; 14 L Ed 2d 510 (1965)
(9th Amendment Unenumerated Rights)
FindLaw
Escobedo v Illinois
378 US 478; 84 S Ct 1758; 12 L Ed 2d 977 (1964)
FindLaw
Malloy v Hogan
378 US 1; 84 S Ct 1489; 12 L Ed 2d 653 (1964)
(5th Amendment Self Incrimination)
FindLaw
Gideon v Wainwright
372 US 335; 83 S Ct 792; 9 L Ed 2d 799 (1963)
(6th Amendment Defense Counsel)
FindLaw
Robinson v California
370 US 660 (1962)
FindLaw
Mapp v Ohio
367 US 643; 81 S Ct 1684; 6 L Ed 2d 1081 (1961)
(4th Amendment Warrantless Search and Seizure)
FindLaw
Burstyn v Wilson
343 US 495; 72 S Ct 777; 96 L Ed 1098 (1952)
FindLaw
State of Louisiana ex rel Francis v Reswebar
329 US 459; 67 S Ct 374; 91 L Ed 422 (1947)
FindLaw
Pennekamp v Florida
328 US 331; 66 S Ct 1029; 90 L Ed 1295 (1946)
(1st Amendment Speech & Press; 6th Amendment Impartial Jury)
FindLaw
Martin v City of Struthers, Ohio
319 US 141; 63 S Ct 862; 87 L Ed 1313 (1943)
(1st Amendment Free Exercise of Religion, Speech & Press)
FindLaw
Chambers v Florida
309 US 227; 84 L Ed 716; 60 S Ct 472 (1940)
FindLaw
Hague v Committee for Industrial Organization
307 US 496; 59 S Ct 954; 83 L Ed 1423 (1939)
(1st Amendment Speech, Press & Assembly)
FindLaw
Palko v State of Connecticut
302 US 319; 58 S Ct 149; 82 L Ed 288 (1937)
(5th Amendment Double Jeopardy)
FindLaw
De Jonge v Oregon
299 US 353; 57 S Ct 255; 81 L Ed 278 (1937)
(1st Amendment Speech & Assembly)
FindLaw
Grosjean v American Press Co
297 US 233; 56 S Ct 444; 80 L Ed 660 (1936)
(1st Amendment Press)
FindLaw
Powell v Alabama
287 US 45 (1932)
FindLaw
Near v State of Minnesota ex rel Olson
283 US 697; 51 S Ct 625; 75 L Ed 1357 (1931)
(1st Amendment Press)
FindLaw
Village of Euclid, Ohio v Ambler Realty Co
US 365; 47 S Ct 114; 71 L Ed 303 (1926)
(5th Amendment Taking)
Gitlow v State of New York
268 US 652; 45 S Ct 625; 69 L Ed 1138 (1925)
(1st Amendment Speech & Press)
FindLaw
Meyer v Nebraska
262 US 390; 43 S Ct 625; 67 L Ed 1042 (1923)
FindLaw
Miller v Texas
153 US 535 (1894)
(State Incorporation of 2nd Amendment Argument Not Made in Timely Fashion)
FindLaw
Presser v Illinois
116 US 252 (1886)
(2nd Amendment Right to Keep and Bear Arms)
FindLaw
Hurtado v California
110 US 516; 4 S Ct 111; 28 L Ed 232 (1884)
FindLaw
Stauder v West Virginia
100 US 303 (1879)
(States shall not restrict eligibility of jurors based on race or color)
FindLaw, Justia
Munn v Illinois
94 US 113 (1877)
FindLaw
Abelman v Booth
21 Howard 506; 16 L Ed 169 (1859)
(Pre-14th Amendment; Article 1, Sec 9 Habeas Corpus)
Barron v Baltimore
7 Peters 243; 8 L Ed 672 (1833)
(Pre-14th Amendment; 5th Amendment Taking)

 

Equal Protection

partial list of cases
also see 14th Amendment, 5th Amendment's Federal Incorporation of Equal Protection
 

Flores-Villar v United States
09-5801 (yet to be decided)
(Gender Discrimination in Determination of Citizenship Eligibility)
9th Circuit Court of Appeals Decision
Good News Club v Milford Central School
533 US 98 (2001)
(Government Run Public Schools cannot Discriminate Against After-Hours Religious Programs)
Cornell, FindLaw, Justia, Wikipedia
Bush v Gore
531 US 98, 000 00-949 (2000)
(Standardless manual vote recounts unconstitutionally violates Equal Protection Clause)
FindLaw, Wikipedia
Michael M v Superior Court of Sonoma County
450 US 464; 67 L Ed 2d 437; S Ct 1200 (1981)
(Gender Discrimination in State Statuatory Rape Law)
FindLaw
Williams and Diamond v Zbaraz
448 US 358; 65 L Ed 2d 831; 100 S Ct 2694 (1980)
FindLaw
Harris v McRae
448 US 297; 65 L Ed 2d 784; 100 S Ct 2671 (1980)
FindLaw
Regents of the University of California v Bakke
438 US 265; 57 L Ed 2d 750; S Ct 2733 (1978)
(State Race Discrimination)
FindLaw
Roe v Wade
410 US 113; 93 S Ct 705; 35 L Ed 2d 147 (1973)
FindLaw
Reed v Reed
404 US 71; 30 L Ed 2d 225; 92 S Ct 251 (1971)
(State Gender Discrimination)
FindLaw
Loving v Virginia
388 US 1 (1967)
(State Prohibition of Interracial Marriage Violates Equal Protection Clause)
FindLaw, Wikipedia
McLaughlin v Florida
379 US 184 (1964)
(State Prohibition of Interracial Cohabitation Violates Equal Protection Clause)
FindLaw, Wikipedia
Baker v Carr
369 US 186; 82 S Ct 691, 7 L Ed 2d 663 (1962)
(State legislative reapportionment that deprives equal protection)
FindLaw
Brown v Board of Education of Topeka
347 US 483 (1954)
(De Jure Racial Segregation inherently Unequal)
FindLaw
Patton v State of Mississippi
332 US 463; 68 S Ct 184; 92 L Ed 76 (1948)
Skinner v Oklahoma
(1942)
Norris v Alabama
294 US 587; 55 S Ct 579; 79 L Ed 1074 (1935)
Buck v Bell
274 US 200, 47 S Ct 584, 71 L Ed 1000 (1927)
(State Forced Sterilization of Feeble-Minded Persons)
Pace v Alabama
106 US 583 (1883)
(State Prohibition of Interracial Sex does not violate Equal Protection Clause)
Wikipedia
Stauder v West Virginia
100 US 303 (1879)
(States shall not restrict eligibility of jurors based on race or color)
FindLaw, Justia

 

Income Taxes

partial list of cases
also see 16th Amendment, Direct Taxes

 

Other

see Arbitrary · Entrapment · Evidence · Incapacity · Mute · Necessity · Overbroad · Ripe · Standing · Stare Decisis · Testimony · Vague

 

Arbitrary

partial list of cases
 

(none listed yet)

 

Entrapment

partial list of cases
 

Jacobson v United States
503 US 540 (1992)
FindLaw
Mathews v United States
485 US 58 (1988)
(Defendant Entitled to Entrapment Instruction when Sufficient Evidence of Government Inducement and Lack of Predisposition)
FindLaw
Hampton v United States
425 US 484 (1976)
(Entrapment Defense Unavailable when Defendant Admits Predisposition, despite Outrageous Police Conduct)
FindLaw
United States v Russell
411 US 423 (1973)
(Predisposition Fatal to Claim of Entrapment)
FindLaw
Lopez v United States
373 US 427 (1963)
FindLaw
Saldana v United States
365 US 646 (1961)
FindLaw
Marshall v United States
360 US 310 (1959)
FindLaw
Masciale v United States
356 US 386 (1958)
(Entrapment Not Established as a Matter of Law, Jury May Consider and Disbelieve Defendant's Claim)
FindLaw
Sherman v United States
356 US 369 (1958)
(Entrapment Established as a Matter of Law, Jury Conviction Reversed)
FindLaw
Sorrells v United States
287 US 435 (1932)
(Entrapment shall not be Disallowed as a Matter of Law when Sufficient Evidence of Entrapment, Defendant Entitled to Jury Instruction)
FindLaw

 

Evidence

partial list of cases
also see Testimony
 

Olmstead v United States
277 US 438 (1928)
(Telephone Wire Tapping Outside House Constitutional and Admissible regardless of State Law Prohibiting Wire Taps)
Findlaw

 

Incapacity

partial list of cases
 

(none listed yet)

 

Mute

partial list of cases
 

(none listed yet)

 

Necessity

partial list of cases
 

United States v Oakland Cannabis Buyers Cooperative
(2001)
United States v Peter McWilliams, Todd McCormick, et al
CR 97-997 (A) -GHK (1999)
(Disallow Medical Necessity Defense as a Matter of Law and When Legal Alternative Available)
www.petertrial.com/ruling.htm
United States v Oakland Cannabis Buyers' Cooperative
1999 WL 705099 (9th Cir 1999)
(Allow Medical Necessity Defense for Marijuana)
State v Williams
968 P 2d 26, 30 (C A Wash 1998)
(Disallow Medical Necessity Defense as a Matter of Law; Legislature Determined Schedule 1 Drugs have No Accepted Medical Use)
United States v Schoon, Kennon, Manning
939 F 2d 826; 971 F 2d 193;  955 F 2d 1238 (9th Cir 1991)
(Necessity Defense Disallowed when Lack of Immediacy, Action would not Abate Harm, or Availability of Legal Alternatives)
FindLaw
United States v Aguilar
883 F 2d 662, 793 (9th Cir 1989)
(Necessity Defense Requires Defendants to have No Legal Alternative to Criminal Conduct Available)
Automobile Workers v Johnson Controls Inc
499 US 187 (1991)
(Business Necessity Defense)
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Wards Cove Packing Co Inc v Atonio
490 US 642 (1989)
(Business Necessity Defense)
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Sumitomo Shoji America Inc v Avagliano
457 US 176 (1982)
(Business Necessity Defense)
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United States v Bailey
444 US 394 (1980)
(Duress or Necessity Defense Requires Prison Escapees to Surrender unless Under Continuing Duress)
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United States v Richardson
588 F 2d 1235, 1239 (9th Cir 1978)
(Disallow Necessity Defense for Defendants who have Alternative Legal Course of Action, including Petitioning FDA to Reclassify Laetrile)
Nashville Gas Co v Satty
434 US 136 (1977)
(Business Necessity Defense)
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Stare Decisis

partial list of cases
 

(none listed yet)

 

Testimony

partial list of cases
 

Crawford v Washington
(2004)
(Hearsay Testimony Violates 6th Amendment Right to Confront Witnesses)
United States v Oslet Franklin Lowery, Jr
97-368-CR-ZLOCH
(Motion to Suppress Testimony by Witness Promised Leniency in exchange for Testifying)

 

Vague

partial list of cases
 

Posters 'N' Things v United States
92-903 (1994)
(Mail Order Drug Paraphrenalia Control Act not Vague)
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